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Table 3 Summary of students’ perceptions of the cardiac catheterization lesson and the simulator

From: Impact of augmented reality lessons on students’ STEM interest

Authentic inquiry activities on tablets: cardiac catheterization   
Item Mean S.D.
Authenticity 3.9 0.7
 I feel what I am seeing is connected to real-life situations when I use the tablet to learn cardiac catheterization. 3.9 0.7
 I feel that the digital learning materials of the cardiac catheterization lesson are authentic. 3.9 0.6
 The learning activity in the cardiac catheterization lesson is related to real-life situations. 3.8 0.8
Engagement 4.2 0.7
 I concentrate on learning activities in the cardiac catheterization lesson. 4.3 0.6
 I was involved in the learning activity because of the virtual character and the virtual scene. 4.2 0.6
 The virtual character and the scene in the cardiac catheterization lesson facilitated my completion of the learning activity. 4.1 0.8
Learning motivation 4.0 1.1
 I like to play the role (an intern doctor) in the virtual cardiac catheterization scene. 3.8 1.0
 I like to learn with the digital material of the cardiac catheterization lesson. 4.2 1.0
 I want to learn the cardiac catheterization lesson again. 4.1 1.2
Total 4.0 0.8
The cardiac catheterization simulator   
Item Mean S.D.
Authenticity 3.7 1.0
 I feel the cardiac catheterization simulator is very real. 3.5 1.0
 I feel that the cardiac catheterization simulator and the learning content shown on the monitor are coordinated. 3.9 1.1
 The learning activities with the cardiac catheterization simulator are related to real-life situations. 3.6 1.0
Engagement 4.3 1.0
 I concentrate on the learning activities with the aid of operating the cardiac catheterization simulator. 4.3 1.0
 I enjoy the learning activities on the tablet because of interacting with the cardiac catheterization simulator. 4.3 1.0
 I concentrate on operating the cardiac catheterization simulator. 4.4 1.0
Learning motivation 4.2 0.6
 I like to operate the cardiac catheterization simulator. 4.2 0.6
 I became more interested in medical information because of the cardiac catheterization simulator. 4.1 0.6
 I want to use the cardiac catheterization simulator to learn medical topics again. 4.4 0.7
Total 4.1 0.9