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Table 6 Operational challenges in K-12 flipped classrooms

From: A critical review of flipped classroom challenges in K-12 education: possible solutions and recommendations for future research

  Category Challenges Supported citations
1. Students’ IT resources Student might not have Internet access to view the videos at home. Chen 2016; Clark 2015; Kettle 2013; Snyder et al. 2014; Wang 2016
2. Monitoring students outside class It was difficult to ensure that students had truly watched the video. Chao et al. 2015
3. Teachers’ IT skills Teacher might not be able to upload the videos online. Chen 2016
4. Institutional supports Flipped classroom approach relied on the extent of the investment by schools in computer resources. Huang and Hong 2016