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Table 2 Result of pair sample t test on pre- and post-test scores of the students involved in second cycle intervention (n = 31)

From: Improving the design of a mCSCL Chinese character forming game with a distributed scaffolding design framework

  Pre-test Post-test
Mean 10.48387 13.90323
Variance 16.1914 29.49032
Observations 31 31
Pearson correlation 0.612393  
Hypothesized mean difference 0  
df 30  
t Stat − 4.37708  
P(T ≤ t) one-tail 6.71E−05  
t Critical one-tail 1.697261  
P(T ≤ t) two-tail 0.000134  
t Critical two-tail 2.042272