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Table 12 Mean and standard deviation of the motivational factors, measured at initial (start of the term) and final (end of the term)

From: An integrated practice system for learning programming in Python: design and evaluation

  Initial (N=629) Average (middle) (N=424) Final (N=440)
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
F 0.565 0.162 0.566 0.160 0.577 0.196
CB 0.502 0.221 0.574 0.173 0.658 0.196
V 0.700 0.167 0.685 0.156 0.684 0.181
MAp 0.692 0.171 0.666 0.158 0.643 0.200
PAp 0.573 0.239 0.577 0.198 0.568 0.225