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Table 13 Results of ANOVA and post hoc multiple comparisons (with Bonferroni correction) on motivational factors among four clusters (“Value of practice with different combinations of smart content types” section)

From: An integrated practice system for learning programming in Python: design and evaluation

  M (SD) p value Mult. compar. (pvalue)
  Inactive Mix Animations Problems (partial η2) Inactive, mix Mix, animations
F .531 (.141) .590 (.166) .527 (.133) .617 (.204) .001 (.036) .002  
CB .541 (.168) .600 (.174) .502 (.140) .627 (.183) .001 (.038) .005 .062
V .666 (.146) .703 (.163) .639 (.127) .658 (.158) .056 (.018)   
MAp .626 (.157) .697 (.156) .628 (.099) .646 (.169) < .001 (.049) < .001  
PAp .549 (.184) .600 (.211) .540 (.127) .566 (.188) .061 (.017) .064  
  1. Only significant and marginally significant differences are reported