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Table 14 Results of ANOVA and post hoc multiple comparisons on motivational factors among three clusters (the “Value of practice in different periods during the course” section)

From: An integrated practice system for learning programming in Python: design and evaluation

  M (SD) pvalue Mult. comparisons (pvalue)
  Inactive Exam Regular partial η2 Inactive, exam Inactive, regular Exam, regular
F .531 (.141) .545 (.162) .613 (.166) < .001 (.055)   < .001  
CB .541 (.168) .559 (.180) .614 (.167) < .001 (.036)   < .001  
V .666 (.146) .665 (.150) .714 (.164) .007 (.023)   .014 .039
MAp .626 (.157) .669 (.156) .703 (.153) < .001 (.046) .099 < .001  
PAp .549 (.184) .580 (.191) .604 (.211) .040 (.015)   .034  
  1. Only significant and marginally significant differences are reported