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Table 6 Means, SDs and statistical differences of digital applications and pedagogical practices used

From: Digital technology and practices for school improvement: innovative digital school model

  School A (N = 44) School B (N = 100) School C (N = 31) p value
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD
Using digital applications
 Using word processing 3.7 .544 2.8 .857 3.0 1.000 A > B,.000; A > C, .002
 Using spreadsheets 2.7 .694 1.8 .899 2.1 1.076 A > B, .000
 Using email 4.0 .590 2.4 1.066 2.8 1.098 A > B, C, .000
 Information search from the Internet 4.0 .549 2.9 .993 3.3 .945 A > B, .000¸ A > C, .002
 Publishing on the Internet 2.5 1.045 1.9 .968 2.5 1.434 A > B, .002
 Using social forums 3.0 1.562 2.3 1.228 3.3 1.137 C > B, .000
 Using learning environments 3.5 .952 2.6 .998 2.3 .973 A > B, C, .000
 Publishing in a web blog 3.0 1.137 1.6 .960 2.2 1.267 A > B, .000
 Publishing pictures, texts or reports 2.5 1.000 1.9 .988 1.9 1.221 A > B, .002
Pedagogical practices with digital technology
 Developing my thoughts about the topic in a collaborative discussion 2.7 .851 1.7 .886 2.0 1.251 A > B, .000
 Teacher guidance through the net for independent learning 2.4 .868 1.7 .949 2.5 1.312 A > B, .001
 Freedom to surf in the Internet when assignments are done 3.4 1.203 2.7 .973 3.7 .965 A > B, .004, B < C, .000
 Contact with pupils in other schools via email or the Internet 3.0 1.285 2.2 1.242 2.8 1.440 A > B, .001
 Information search from the Internet 3.9 .443 2.9 .865 3.5 .890 A > B, .000
B < C, .004
 Publish pictures, texts of reports 2.5 1.000 1.9 .988 1.9 1.221 A > B, .003