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Table 3 One sample ttest results comparing measured number of attempts per problem to the equivalent “gaming the system” calculated value. sd stands for standard deviation

From: Application focused on structural comprehension of mathematics contextual problems for kindergarten students

Level Avg. no. of attempts Avg. no. of attempts (GTS) t df p
1 1.16 (0.24) 2.00 – 34.79 99.00 < 0.001
2-1 1.17 (0.23) 1.50 – 13.61 89.00 < 0.001
2-2 1.24 (0.25) 2.00 – 29.31 88.00 < 0.001
3-1 1.30 (0.32) 1.50 – 2.77 19.00 0.01
3-2 4.77 (3.80) 13.18 – 8.28 13.00 < 0.001
4 1.44 (0.66) 18.44 – 93.11 12.00 < 0.001
5 1.19 (0.18) 1.50 – 5.38 8.00 < 0.001
6 1.31 (0.27) 8.25 – 37.00 1.00 0.02