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Table 4 The posttest results of the low-achieving students (the second graders)

From: Enhancing achievement and interest in mathematics learning through Math-Island

Mathematics abilities Experimental school
(N = 73)
Control school
(N = 41)
Wilks’ λ F MSE
M SD M SD
Conceptual understanding 10.12 3.415 10.12 3.084 0.934 0.000 4.689e−5
Procedural fluency 10.82 4.005 10.24 4.369 0.512 8.772
Word problems 6.29 2.831 4.98 2.162 6.626** 45.197
Total 27.23 8.559 25.34 7.809   1.364 93.924
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.