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Fig. 1 | Research and Practice in Technology Enhanced Learning

Fig. 1

From: EmoTan: enhanced flashcards for second language vocabulary learning with emotional binaural narration

Fig. 1

Left: A voice actor is blowing into a dummy head microphone to express the meaning of the word “aerate,” which means “to introduce air into (something).” Center: For the word “rumple,” which means to mess up, for example, someone’s hair, a wig was attached to the dummy head microphone for representing a realistic experience. Right: A learner experiencing the meaning of “aerate” through the recorded voice using a general earphone and a tablet

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