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Table 6 Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients between CPS awareness and STEM learning strategy

From: Direction of collaborative problem solving-based STEM learning by learning analytics approach

 CPS awareness
Social skillsCognitive skills
  ParticipationPerspective takingSocial regulationTask regulationLearning and knowledge building
STEM learning strategyOrganizing0.08 (0.81)0.20 (0.53)− 0.74** (0.01)− 0.13 (0.70)0.09 (0.79)
Elaborating0.39 (0.21)0.08 (0.80)− 0.50† (0.10)0.24 (0.46)− 0.02 (0.95)
Repeating0.22 (0.49)− 0.16 (0.62)− 0.05 (0.89)− 0.12 (0.70)0.08 (0.82)
Effort0.21 (0.52)− 0.25 (0.44)− 0.14 (0.67)− 0.35 (0.27)0.13 (0.68)
Attention0.30 (0.34)0.31 (0.33)0.21 (0.51)− 0.09 (0.79)− 0.18 (0.57)
Time management0.16 (0.61)− 0.15 (0.65)− 0.52† (0.09)− 0.18 (0.58)− 0.32 (0.32)
Learning environment0.17 (0.59)− 0.06 (0.85)− 0.25 (0.43)0.19 (0.56)− 0.10 (0.77)
Peer learning− 0.23 (0.47)− 0.29 (0.36)− 0.38 (0.22)0.44 (0.15)− 0.38 (0.23)
Using references− 0.08 (0.80)− 0.04 (0.91)− 0.77** (0.00)− 0.23 (0.46)− 0.10 (0.77)
  1. ρ(Sig.); N = 12; **p < 0.01; p < 0.1