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Table 9 Elements and indicators in perspective taking and social regulation

From: Direction of collaborative problem solving-based STEM learning by learning analytics approach

Perspective takingAdaptive responsivenessIgnoring, accepting, or adapting contributions of others
Audience awareness (mutual modeling)Awareness of how to adapt behavior to increase suitability for others
Social regulationNegotiationAchieving a resolution or reaching compromise
Self-evaluation (meta-memory)Recognizing own strengths and weaknesses
Transactive memoryRecognizing the strengths and weaknesses of others
Responsibility initiativeAssuming responsibility for ensuring parts of the task are completed by the group