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Table 2 Humor elements and usage purposes

From: The educational power of humor on student engagement in online learning environments

  Attention Recall Feedback Humor break
Where? In the introduction of OLCs Important and difficult lessons or subjects Following the activity or the exam Following cognitive fatigue
How? Images, caricature etc. Humorous text, video or image Exaggeration Narrative, images, humorous text, joke etc.
Who? (Fredrickson & Branigan, 2005; Shatz & LoSchiavo, 2006) (Garner, 2006; James, 2004; Lei et al., 2010) (Berk, 2000) (Garner, 2006; Kher, Molstad, & Donahue, 1999)