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Table 5 Comparison of means of counting matching keywords from the results on computer-aided analysis of learners’ pre-teaching and post-teaching reflections on their understanding of e-Learning

From: Delivery and evaluation of an e-Learning framework through computer-aided analysis of learners’ reflection text in a teacher development course

Component (1) to (6)/Dimension (7) and (8) Counting matching keywords of pre-teaching reflection on e-Learning understanding Counting matching keywords of post-teaching reflection on e-Learning understanding t-test
Mean S.D. Mean S.D.
(1) E-resources 0.344 0.653 1.031 1.402 2.502*
(2) Digital ways of communication 0.250 0.440 1.500 1.760 3.937**
(3) Digital ways of collecting data 0.125 0.336 0.406 0.665 2.738*
(4) Theories/models/principles/strategies 0.594 0.560 1.625 2.225 2.560*
(5) Learning and teaching activities 1.563 1.435 4.469 4.064 4.495**
(6) Pedagogical decision-making/support 0.000 0.000 0.813 1.176 3.908**
(7) Technology: (1) + (2) + (3) 0.719 0.958 2.938 3.192 3.960**
(8) Pedagogy: (4) + (5) + (6) 2.156 1.568 6.906 6.291 4.557**
(9) Total: (7) + (8) 2.875 2.152 9.844 9.042 4.584**
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01