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Table 1 Learning architecture of the LMOOC based on (Reinders, 2010)

From: Understanding affordances and limitations in a language MOOC from an activity theory perspective

Learning stages in the framework Learning stages in LMOOC Learning activities
  Registration Create profiles
  Stage 0: general Instruction on how to learn in the course and how to use features and tools in the platform
Introduction to pronunciation scaffolder
Identifying needs + setting goals Stage 1: identify the type of presentation Identify the type of presentation learners want to do
Identifying needs Stage 2: self-evaluation and Identifying needs Self-evaluation (language, engagement and visual aids)
Upload videos and get feedback from peers
Reflect on past experience with the topic and identify what needs improvements
Setting goals + planning learning + selecting resources Stage 3: creating learning plan Set their learning goals and create their learning plan
Discuss plan with their peers (for group)
Find additional language learning resources outside of LMOOC
Selecting learning strategies and practice Stage 4: language learning activities Learn and practice English with a wide range of language learning activities
Work on presentation
Get feedback from their peers
Monitoring progress and assessment and revision Stage 5: rehearsal Upload final presentation for feedback for them to improve upon
Monitoring progress and assessment and revision Stage 6: final presentation Upload improved presentation
Uploaded videos are rated by other learners