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Table 4 The Composite reliability (CR), the square root of the average variance extracted (AVE) (in bold), and correlations between constructs (off-diagonal)

From: The cross-cultural validation of the technology-enhanced social constructivist learning environment questionnaire in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region

Latent constructs CR AVE Latent constructs
    CRI INV NEG ELEAR REL RES SHA UNC
Critical voice (CRI) 0.803 0.577 0.760        
Investigation (INV) 0.826 0.544 0.206 0.738       
Negotiation (NEG) 0.821 0.535 0.383 0.288 0.731      
Perceived e-Learning (ELEAR) 0.882 0.652 0.313 0.305 0.301 0.808     
Relevancy (REL) 0.827 0.544 0.442 0.335 0.341 0.354 0.737    
Respect for difference (RES) 0.871 0.575 0.343 0.340 0.447 0.370 0.400 0.758   
Shared Control (SHA) 0.850 0.590 0.420 0.328 0.366 0.324 0.356 0.291 0.768  
Uncertainty (UNC) 0.758 0.514 0.415 0.311 0.333 0.338 0.466 0.418 0.330 0.717
  1. The diagonal part (in bold) is the values of the square root of AVE for every construct