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Table 1 Instructional design regarding formal and informal platforms

From: Supporting cross-cultural online discussion with formal and informal platforms: a case between Hong Kong and Taiwan

  Formal platform Informal platform
Technological tools Moodle Facebook
Purpose Course-related online discussion to enhance cross-cultural understanding and reflection on course content Informal and social-oriented discussion to enhance social interaction and relationships
Grouping Three smaller culturally mixed groups One big group with everyone interested in
Topics General topics set for each discussion forums. Free discussion
Facilitation Instructors as facilitators RAs as facilitators