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Table 4 Comparisons of the three counseling channels with regard to different counseling problems

From: The potential of Second Life for university counseling: a comparative approach examining media features and counseling problems

  Comparison Mean differences SE p value 95% confidence interval
Channel (I) Channel (J) (I-J) Lower Upper
Life transition Traditional Internet 1.18* 0.08 .000 0.98 1.38
SL 1.47* 0.08 .000 1.27 1.67
Internet SL 0.29* 0.08 .000 0.08 0.49
Relationship issues Traditional Internet 0.14 0.08 .38 − 0.07 0.34
SL 0.37* 0.08 .000 0.17 0.58
Internet SL 0.24* 0.08 .002 0.04 0.44
Academic problems Traditional Internet 1.02* 0.08 .000 0.81 1.22
SL 1.43* 0.08 .000 1.22 1.63
Internet SL 0.41* 0.08 .000 0.21 0.61
Interpersonal communication Traditional Internet 0.54* 0.08 .000 0.34 0.74
SL 0.67* 0.08 .000 0.46 0.87
Internet SL 0.13 0.08 .10 − 0.07 0.33
Economic hardship Traditional Internet 0.27* 0.08 .007 0.07 0.48
SL 0.73* 0.08 .000 0.53 0.93
Internet SL 0.46* 0.08 .000 0.26 0.66
Family conflict Traditional Internet 0.55* 0.08 .000 0.34 0.75
SL 0.79* 0.08 .000 0.59 0.99
Internet SL 0.25* 0.08 .000 0.04 0.45
Gender identity Traditional Internet − 0.28* 0.08 .003 − 0.46 − 0.10
SL − 0.17 0.08 .17 − 0.34 0.01
Internet SL 0.12 0.08 .33 − 0.06 0.29
  1. Note: p values have been adjusted with the Bonferroni method
  2. *p < .05