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Table 11 Summary of student performance for clusters obtained after splitting usage into usage during course lectures and usage during exam preparation

From: An integrated practice system for learning programming in Python: design and evaluation

Performance measure Cluster inactive (N=339) Cluster exam (N=118) Cluster regular (N=218)
Pretest score 0.17 (0.01) 0.17 (0.01) 0.24 (0.02)
Learning gain 0.46 (0.02) 0.53 (0.03) 0.56 (0.02)
Exam points 76.05 (1) 79.96 (1.37) 84.38 (1.03)
  1. Values are expressed as mean and standard error for the mean (in parentheses)