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Table 2 Models for handling data in educational setting

From: Privacy and data protection in learning analytics should be motivated by an educational maxim—towards a proposal

Model for data handling Model focus Question asked
Legal model Justified purpose for data collection? Are the risks to the individual balanced with the benefits to the individual and the system?
Research model Consent, fair data handling, and safe data keeping Have participants agreed to be part of the research?
Administrative model Handling of personally identifiable information Are the data de-identified and kept safe?
Pedagogical model Learning gain Are collected data relevant for understanding and optimising learning and the environments in which it occurs?