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Table 2 Descriptive statistics showing mean (SD) of behavioral assessments per group across time points

From: (Swiss) GraphoLearn: an app-based tool to support beginning readers

 Group 1
n = 18
Group2*
n = 16
T1T2T3T4T1T2T3T4
Reading
SLRT-IIa
 Words5.28 (3.91)10.39 (6.67)16.94 (10.76) 6.67 (4.37)12.88 (9.70)19.31 (9.58) 
 Pseudowords9.28 (6.42)14.33 (6.02)17.44 (7.16) 10.27 (6.18)12.38 (7.16)17.88 (8.49) 
Local reading test
 Words12.56 (9.22)15.67 (7.39)19.67 (6.61)23.33 (4.66)13.93(5.85)15.87 (8.57)20.50 (4.84)23.25 (4.89)
 Pseudowords8.83 (8.27)13.11 (7.78)15.39 (8.19)18.94 (5.71)11.93 (9.03)10.44 (7.82)16.00 (6.46)16.69 (7.81)
Phonological processing
TEPHOBE
 Rhyme4.72 (1.45)5.39 (1.20)5.83 (1.15)5.00 (1.56)4.88 (1.09)5.31 (1.25)
 Initial sound categorization4.89 (2.03)6.00 (1.14)6.33 (1.14)5.80 (1.78)6.19 (1.22)6.56 (0.73)
BAKO
 Phoneme deletion**2.72 (2.16)3.31 (2.12)3.61 (1.85)2.20 (2.11)2.69 (1.25)3.12 (1.67)
 Pseudoword Segmentation3.11 (1.28)3.72 (1.56)3.67 (1.61)2.67 (1.95)3.06 (1.29)3.38 (0.81)
 Vowel substitution5.06 (2.88)5.78 (1.59)6.22 (1.63)4.00 (2.56)4.88 (2.42)5.75 (1.84)
Rapid automatized naming
 Letters***0.89 (0.30)1.21 (0.29)1.17 (0.33)1.33 (0.33)1.06 (0.28)1.20 (0.44)1.22 (0.42)1.38 (0.50)
 Numbers***0.90 (0.23)1.07 (0.25)1.06 (0.37)1.23 (0.43)1.00 (0.16)1.00 (0.23)1.10 (0.21)1.22 (0.23)
 Colors0.60 (0.20)0.69(0.20)0.67 (0.21)0.74 (0.22)0.61 (0.17)0.60(0.18)0.68 (0.14)0.75 (0.15)
 Objects0.65 (0.13)0.75(0.17)0.76 (0.19)0.81 (0. 19)0.66 (0.12)0.67 (0.15)0.74 (0.15)0. 82 (0. 11)
  1. *Data missing for 1 participant at T1 (NT1 = 15); **Data missing for 3 participants at T2 in group 2 (NT2 = 13); ***Data missing for 2 participants at T1 in group 2 (NT2 = 14); aSLRT-II scores from T4 not included in main analysis as they were obtained in different lists of items