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Table 5 Doubt sentic pattern distribution on both training and testing data (‘n’ is data labelled as having no doubt and ‘y’ as having doubt)

From: Automated doubt identification from informal reflections through hybrid sentic patterns and machine learning approach

Pattern ‘n’ labelled data ‘y’ labelled data Difference
Questioning 0.2% 15.1% 75.5
Confirming 3% 11.6% 3.87
Affirming 5% 27.1% 5.42
Clarifying 4% 10.8% 2.7
Dissenting 5% 27.5% 5.5