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Table 3 Descriptive statistics for the differences between posttest mean scores of flipped and traditional groups

From: The impact of mediated learning on the academic writing performance of medical students in flipped and traditional classrooms: scaffolding techniques

  Instruction Mean N Std. deviation
Post-content Traditional 15.2273 22 2.84407
Flip 24.1200 25 1.42361
Post-organization Traditional 15.2273 22 3.19124
Flip 24.2400 25 1.16476
Post-vocabulary Traditional 10.3182 22 1.80967
Flip 14.6000 25 2.25462
Post-language use Traditional 14.6364 22 3.10982
Flip 23.7200 25 2.15097
Post-sentence mechanics Traditional 7.0909 22 0.92113
Flip 8.6000 25 0.70711
Post-performance Traditional 62.5000 22 9.20533
Flip 95.2800 25 3.84621