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Table 8 Test of normality (pre-content, pre-organization, and pre-vocabulary)

From: The impact of mediated learning on the academic writing performance of medical students in flipped and traditional classrooms: scaffolding techniques

One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test
Instruction Pre-content Pre-organization Pre-vocabulary
Traditional N 22 22 22
Normal parametersa,b Mean 11.2727 11.6364 7.1818
Std. deviation 2.31315 1.98915 1.29601
Test statistic .456 .398 .283
Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .000 .000
Flipped N 25 25 25
Normal parametersa,b Mean 10.6800 10.8800 6.9600
Std. deviation 2.79464 1.85562 1.64520
Test statistic .334 .314 .280
Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .000 .000