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Table 5 SM activities in support of CL

From: A novel framework for integrating social media as cooperative learning tool in higher education’s classrooms

CL principles SM activities
1) Positive interdependence The focus of the group is on one deliverable (one assignment) to ensure an output goal interdependence. This will be reflected in the group’s name and description on the platform.
Each member must be able to explain group’s submitted deliverable, thus achieving “Learning goal interdependence”
Each member must be assigned a role in the group (role interdependence)
Each member must be assigned a specific part of the assignment to complete
2) Individual accountability Individual grades are to be given to group members based on individual tests or quizzes
Use of peer assessments to discourage social loafing
Each member must label and highlight the part(s) which they have completed in the deliverable
3) Equal participation Assign students with roles that requires them to interact with other members (i.e., checking writings, proof-reading, keeping records, chairing meetings)
Post progress on the group’s discussion page, and follow up using instant messaging (group chat)
Groups are to be created on the platform as early in the semester, so members can be familiar with its features and options (they can test all features)
4) Simultaneous interaction Students’ are encouraged to post their reflections, ideas, and opinions in the group discussion forum to stimulate group discussions
A clear schedule of milestones (meeting and due dates) is to be posted on an ongoing basis throughout the semester