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Table 6 The percentage change of counting of matching keywords and proportions of matching counts at all levels of the e-Learning framework in the pre-teaching and post-teaching reflections

From: Delivery and evaluation of an e-Learning framework through computer-aided analysis of learners’ reflection text in a teacher development course

Proposed e-Learning framework Counting of matching keywords Proportion of matching counts
Pre-teaching reflection Post-teaching reflection Percentage change Within Pre-teaching reflection Within Post-teaching reflection
Total: technology and pedagogy 150 424 183% 100% 100%
Technology 81 203 151% 54.0% 47.9%
E-resources 11 33 200% 7.3% 7.8%
Digital ways of communication 8 48 500% 5.3% 11.3%
Digital ways of collecting data 4 13 225% 2.7% 3.1%
Digital technology 58 109 88% 38.7% 25.7%
Pedagogy 69 221 220% 46.0% 52.1%
Theories/models/principles/strategies 19 52 174% 12.7% 12.3%
Learning and teaching activities 50 143 186% 33.3% 33.7%
Pedagogical decision-making/support 0 26 - 0.0% 6.1%